Qatar Petroleum QP Cmpany a state owned petroleum company of Qatar. The company operates all oil and gas activities in Qatar, including exploration, production, refining, transport, and storage. QP's operations are directly linked with state planning agencies, Oill authorities, and policymaking bodies. As of [update] it was the third largest oil company in the world by oil and gas reserves. After World War I R And B Door Company the collapse of the Ottoman EmpireQatar fell within the British sphere of influence and the first onshore oil concession in the country Vatech Company awarded in to British Petroleum 's predecessor, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Co.

PDQ Qatar Oil Company, which would operate Qztar concession. In OctoberDukhan No. However, World War II delayed development until and the first crude exports occurred in There were a number of protests by oil workers in the company during the s and s. Working hours, wages and conditions varied widely Oiil to the introduction of labor regulations in the country.

Overtime payment was inconsistent, workers could be fired for minor infractions and the majority made a meager salary when compared to high-ranking Al ThanisBritish officials and foreign clerks.

Early strikes focused on wages and conditions, and the emir encouraged strikes when negotiating new contracts to pressure concessions from the oil company. After Mars Company Dog Food strike inthe government deported Dhofari laborers due to conflicts with Qatari laborers.

Markets in Doha stopped operation in a show of solidarity, resulting in government concession to the workers' demands.

On 17 July, the detained workers were released and the minimum wage was increased by one rupee. Despite the improvement in wages, strikes continued throughout the year. Company drivers protested for improved working conditions in September, and in October, workers in Mesaieed held protests calling for housing reforms. Their demands centered on improved working conditions, less foreigners in high-ranking positions, and increased wages.

Ahmad rejected these demands, causing the workers to present their grievances to the British. Protests became associated with other elements in the mid s, mainly Pan-Arabismanti-colonialism and discontent with the ruling family.

This was, in part, due to Qatari workers being influenced by Arab nationalists employed from countries such as Iraq and Yemen.

As part of the agreement, the government stake would increase by 5 percent every year until it reached 51 percent in However, in earlythe initial agreement was repealed after QPC agreed to a new agreement which would allow the state to increase its share in both companies to 60 percent.

Negotiations throughout the following years resulted in the government assuming full ownership of QPC's onshore concessions in September and the SCQ's offshore activities in Februarythus fully nationalizing the oil sector. InQatar Petroleum initiated an upgrade program for oil production facilities.

The program included bringing iOl Diyab structure Dukhan online and enhanced oil recovery EORparticularly at the Dukhan field. QP is carrying out similar work at several smaller fields, including the offshore Bul Hanine and Maydam Mahzam.

Prospects for new discoveries are limited. QP carried out much exploration activity during the early s but exploration declined as the oil glut of the mids gathered pace. Since then, QP has encouraged foreign operators to apply for exploration licenses. Although the number of wells drilled grew significantly towards the end of the s, there was little success. In AugustFrench multinational integrated oil and gas company Total confirmed signing deals over transferring some of its assets in KenyaGuyana and Namibia to Qatar Petroleum.

QP operates Qatar's oil pipeline network, which transports supplies from oil fields to the country's lone refinery and export terminals.

QP operates an expansive offshore pipeline network that brings crude oil from offshore oil fields to Halul Islandwhere oil can be processed for export. In the international market, the major customers are Emirates National Oil Co. Qatar's first refinery was built in Umm Said in The first revamp of the Refinery was completed in By the early s, growth in local consumption was such that Qatar began importing refined Qatar Oil Company.

Laffan Refinery RL1 came on-stream in September Marketing and commercial aspects for the export of the Refined Products are entirely controlled by the Marketing Qatar Insurance Company Ownership of Qatar Petroleum Tasweeq.

Qatar Petroleum is part of the Dolphin Gas Projectwhich connects the natural gas networks of Omanthe United Arab Emiratesand Qatar with the first cross-border natural gas pipeline in the Qatar Oil Company Gulf region. The project is being developed by Dolphin Energya consortium owned by Mubadala Development on behalf of the Abu Dhabi government 51 percentTotal The Dolphin Project made significant Window Company Olympia Wa in Construction was completed on all the project's upstream and downstream components by year-end except the gas processing plant located at Ras Laffan.

A company spokesperson announced in March that it tested receiving and distribution facilities in the UAE, and expected to begin operations in June However, cancellations and delays substantially lowered this. The company will instead develop the Barzan Gas Project, scheduled to supply 1.

The plant was commissioned in Junebut technical problems prevented the consortium from loading the first export until April The Pearl plant will be 51 percent-owned by QP, though Shell will operate the project with a 49 percent stake. The Pearl project will be the first integrated GTL operation in the world, meaning it will have upstream production integrated with the onshore conversion plant. Qatar was the first Persian Gulf state to build its own petrochemical industry. The Qatar Petrochemical Co.

Cpmpany are now Industries Qatar 80 percent and Total Petrochemicals 20 percent. The Qatar Fertiliser Co. The company is now owned by Industries Qatar 75 percent and Yara International 25 percent. QAFCO inaugurated its first plant in with a design daily capacity of tons of ammonia and tons of urea.

The QAFCO complex in Mesaieed City comprises four completely integrated trains; each train is made up of two units, one for production of ammonia and the other for urea, besides a urea formaldehyde unit. QAFCO total annual production capacity now is 2. The Qatar Chemical Co. The Q-Chem facility is a world-class integrated petrochemical plant capable of producing high-density polyethylene HDPE and medium-density polyethylene MDPE1-hexeneand other products. The Q-Chem Companyy in Mesaieed Industrial City comprises an ethylene unit capable of producingmetric tons per annum mtpaa polyethylene facility capable ofQxtarand a 1-hexene unit capable of 47, mtpa.

Q-Chem assets also include a Copmany recovery and solidification unit, a bagging and storage warehouse, a nitrogen unit, a water treatment Copmany, seawater cooling system, dock facilities and various administrative buildings. The plant has access to port infrastructure with sufficient capacity to accommodate vessels up to 55, tonnes for the import of salt and export of caustic soda, EDC and VCM.

Project completion was achieved approximately 30 months after signing of the EPC Contract, with start Qatar Oil Company of the facilities taking place during the second quarter of The initial workforce numbered around employees. Qatar Vinyl Co. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Qatar Petroleum Type. Net income. Main article: Dolphin Gas Project. See also: Pearl GTL. Companu 11 June Library of Congress Country Studies. Retrieved 14 August Nairn Retrieved Qataar February Cornell University Press.

Industrial development in Qatar: a geographical assessment PDF. Durham E-Theses, Durham University. Retrieved 25 January Longman Group. Archived from the original PDF on 24 May Retrieved 27 August Archived from the original on 10 July Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved Annual Report " PDF. Archived from the original on 6 February Energy portal.

Petroleum industry. Petroleum Primary energy. Acronyms Oil shale gas Peak oil mitigation timing People Petrocurrency Petrodollar recycling Shale band Shale gas Swing producer Unconventional oil heavy crude oil sands oil shale tight oil. Companies and organisations.

Major petroleum companies. National oil companies. Major services companies. Categories : Qqtar and gas companies Sea Technology Company Qatar National oil and gas companies Energy companies established in Non-renewable resource companies established in establishments in Qatar Qatari brands Government-owned companies of Qatar.

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Qatar is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.Oil was discovered in Qatar in 1940, in Dukhan Field. The discovery transformed the state's economy. Now, the country has a high standard of living for its legal citizens. With no income tax, Qatar (along with Bahrain) is one of the countries with the ...…

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