Founded inKLM is the oldest airline in the world still operating under its original name and had 35, employees and a fleet of excluding subsidiaries as of [update]. The exhibition was a great success; after it closed several Dutch commercial interests intended to establish a Dutch airline, which Plesman was nominated to head. Plesman became its first administrator and director. The first KLM flight took place on 17 May InKLM carried passengers and 22 tons of freight.

II and Fokker F. III aircraft. KLM's first intercontinental flight took off on 1 October Until the outbreak of the Second World War inthis was the world's longest-distance scheduled service by airplane.

InKLM carried 15, passengers. The Douglas DC-2 was introduced on the Batavia service in During the war, these aircraft and crew members flew scheduled passenger flights between Bristol and Lisbon under BOAC registration. Some KLM aircraft and their crews ended up in the Australia-Dutch East Indies region, where they helped transport Copany from Japanese aggression in that area. This service was reinstated by the end of Long-range, pressurized Lockheed Constellations [16] and Douglas DC-6s [17] joined KLM's fleet in the late s; the Convair short-range pressurized twin-engined airliner began European flights for the company in late During the immediate post-war period, the Dutch government expressed interest in gaining a majority stake in KLM, thus nationalizing it.

Plesman wanted KLM to remain a private company under private control; Compaby allowed the Dutch government to acquire a minority stake in the airline. The expansion of the network continued in the s with the addition of several destinations in western North America. The conversion to jet aircraft placed a further financial burden on KLM. The Netherlands government increased its ownership of the company to two-thirds, thus nationalizing it.

The board of directors remained under the control of private shareholders. On 25 Julythe airline introduced its flight simulator for the Douglas DC-7 C — the last KLM aircraft with piston engines — which opened the transpolar route from Amsterdam via Anchorage to Tokyo on 1 November The four-engine turboprop Vickers Viscount was introduced on European routes in In Marchthe airline introduced the first Douglas DC-8 jet into its fleet.

This change of leadership, however, did not lead to a reversal of KLM's financial difficulties. Gerrit van der Wal. By Klm Company, the stake of the Dutch government Conpany KLM was reduced to a minority stake of Orlandini proposed to convert KLM s to "combis" that could carry a combination of passengers and freight in a mixed configuration on the main deck of the aircraft. The oil crisiswhich caused difficult economic conditions, led KLM to seek government assistance in arranging debt refinancing.

The airline issued additional shares of stock to the government in return for its money. InKLM carried 9, passengers. Init reached an agreement with Boeing to convert ten of its Boeing aircraft Three Bs and Seven Ms into Boeing s with the stretched-upper-deck modification. The work started in at the Mcvities Company Net Worth factory in Everett, Washingtonand finished in The converted aircraft were called Boeing SUD orwhich the airline operated in addition to three newly built Boeing s manufactured from the ground up.

With the liberalization of the European market, KLM started developing its hub at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol by feeding its network with traffic from affiliated airlines. Some s were withdrawn from service first. Clmpany MDs remained in service until October Both airlines would retain their own brands; both Charles de Gaulle Airport and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol would become key hubs.

Also insenior management came under fire for providing itself with controversial bonuses after the merger with Air France, while 4, jobs were lost at KLM.

After external pressure, management gave up on these bonuses. After 10 years as president of the airline, Leo van Wijk resigned from his position and was succeeded by Peter Hartman.

By NovemberMartinair consisted of only the cargo and maintenance division. He was succeeded by Camiel Eurlings. Hartman remained employed by the company until he retired on Jindal Company Mumbai January As of this date, he was succeeded by Pieter Elbers. This Kllm represents the rating for an airline's performance across both airport staff and cabin staff combined.

This was the longest distance any aircraft had flown on biofuels. InKLM celebrated its centennial, as it was founded in Since it is the oldest airline still operating under its original name, it was the first airline to achieve this feat. Nine Supervisory Directors comprise the Supervisory Board. KLM's head office is located in Amstelveen, [60] on a 6. The airline's current headquarters was built between and Companies in which KLM has a stake Klm Company [63].

The airline was established in to operate flights to Taipei without compromising the traffic rights held by KLM for destinations in the Compnay Republic of China.

Instead, it features a special KLM Asia logo. Some aircraft are already painted in the revised KLM Asia livery of Comlany Roosenburg designed the K,m logo Klm Company its establishment in ; he intertwined the letter K, L, and M, and gave them wings and a crown. The crown, redesigned using a line, four blue circles and a cross, was retained.

KLM has utilized several major liveries since its founding, with numerous variations on each. Initially, many aircraft featured a bare-metal fuselage with a stripe above the windows bearing the phrase "The Flying Dutchman".

The rudder was divided into three segments and painted to match the Dutch flag. Later aircraft types sometimes bore a white upper fuselage, and additional detail striping Southworth Paper Company titling. In the mids, the livery was changed to feature a split cheatline in two shades of blue on a white upper fuselage and angled blue stripes on the vertical stabilizer.

The tail stripes were later enlarged and made horizontal, and the then-new crown logo was placed in a white circle. The final major variation of this livery saw the vertical stabilizer painted completely white with the crown logo in the center. Sincethe KLM livery has primarily featured a bright blue fuselage, with variations on the striping and details. Originally a wide, dark blue cheatline covered the windows and was separated from the light grey lower fuselage Compaby a thin white stripe.

The KLM logo was placed centrally on the white tail and the front of the fuselage. In DecemberKLM introduced an updated livery in which the white strip was removed and the dark-blue cheatline was significantly narrowed. The livery was first introduced on Embraer s. Compzny new uniform was designed by Dutch couturier Mart Visser. It retains the KLM blue colour that was introduced in and adds a touch of orange—the national colour of the Netherlands.

KLM has an extensive presence on social media platforms and also runs a blog. The airline also uses these networks to inform customers of KLM news, marketing campaigns and promotions.

The Qingdao Company allows users to experience airline management. Players manage KLM from its establishment until the present; they can by investing in a fleet, build a Hvac Plumbing Company with international destinations and develop airports.

The game combines the digital world with the real world by enabling the unlocking of airports by GPS check-ins. Innew applications for support from Kl, program were suspended because it needed an overhaul.

KLM and its partners serve destinations in 70 countries on five continents from their hub at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport. KLM has codeshare agreements with the following airlines: K,m. KLM's first of 8 Boeing aircraft was delivered on 28 June ; it featured th anniversary markings.

This move will make KLM an all-Boeing airline. Over the years, KLM has operated the following aircraft types: []. Personal screens with audio-video on-demand, satellite telephone, SMS, and e-mail services are available in all cabins on all long-haul aircraft. European short-haul and medium-haul flights have Economy seats in the rear cabin, and Economy Comfort and Europe Business in the forward cabin.

Seats are equipped with a Dutch designer Hella Jongerius designed the new cabin. When fully flat, the bed is about 2 metres 6. The cabin features a cradle-to-cradle carpet made from old uniforms woven in an intricate pattern, which is combined with new pillows and curtains with a Co,pany design. A completely new design of Business Class seat was introduced with the launch of KLM's Boeing ; this aircraft's business class seats are based on the Zodiac Cirrus platform used by Air France.

A new design will be introduced each year and the color of the kits will change every six months. Europe Business Class seats feature extra legroom and recline further than regular Economy Class seats. In-seat power is available on Compny Boeing aircraft. Seating is arranged 3—3 abreast with the middle seat blocked on the Boeing aircraft, and a 2—2 abreast arrangement on the Embraer aircraft.

Economy Comfort is located in a separate cabin before the Economy Compamy passengers can exit the aircraft before Economy passengers. Economy Comfort Commpany can be reserved by Economy Class passengers. Economy Class seats in Airbus A aircraft are also equipped with in-seat power. The long-haul Economy Class seating is in a 3—4—3 abreast arrangement on the BoeingBoeing ER aircraft and on Boeing ER aircraft, a abreast arrangement on the Boeing aircraft, and a 2—4—2 abreast arrangement on the Airbus A aircraft.

The system includes interactive entertainment including movies, television programs, music, games, and language courses.

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