A Mason jarnamed after John Landis Mason who first invented and patented it inis a molded glass jar used in home canning to preserve food. The jar's mouth has a screw thread on its outer perimeter to accept a metal ring or "band". The band, when screwed down, presses a separate Compajy tin-plated steel disc-shaped lid against the Blue Wolf Brewing Company rim.
An integral rubber ring on the underside of the lid creates a hermetic seal. The bands and lids usually come with new jars, but they are also sold separately. While the bands are Ketr, the lids are intended for single-use when canning. Largely supplanted by other products and methods for commercial canning, such as tin cans and plastic containers, glass jars and metal lids are still commonly used in home canning.
Lightning fruit jarsanother type of Mason jar, were not as common as the screw-thread version, but they were popular for home canning in the late nineteenth and early twentieth Black And Decker Company Profile. They are also produced in a variety of volumes, including cup half-pintpintquart Kerr Company Canning, and half- gallon.
Jarden Corporation, based in Boca Raton, Florida retains the license to use the Ball and Kerr registered trademarks on home-canning products as Comoany part of its branded consumables business.
In home canning, food is packed into the mason jar, leaving some empty "head space" between the level of food and the top of the jar. The lid is placed on top of the jar with the integral rubber seal resting on the rim. A band is screwed loosely over the lid, allowing air and steam to escape. The jar is heat sterilized in boiling water or steam and the lid is secured. The jar is then allowed to cool to room temperature. Once cooled, the band is removed to prevent residual water between the jar threads and the lid from rusting the eKrr.
If the jar seal is properly formed, internal vacuum will keep the lid tightly on the jar. The vacuum in a properly sealed mason jar pulls the lid down to create a Compan dome. An improper or failed seal or microbial growth will cause the dome to pop upward.
French chef Nicolas Appert Kwrr the method of preserving food by enclosing it in sealed containers. Among the earliest glass jars used for home canning were wax sealers, named in reference to the sealing wax that was poured into a channel around the Kere to secure a tin lid. This process, which was complicated and error-prone, became popular in the late s or early s and was commonly used to seal fruit jars from the early s until about English Wardrobe Company Reviews The wax sealing process was largely the only one available until other sealing methods were developed,  and widely used into Canniing early s.
It usually had a milk-glass liner, but some of the earliest lids may have had transparent glass liners. Patent No. Since they were made in such quantity and used for such long periods, many of them have survived to the present day. Cahning andmany other patents were Cannning for Mason jar improvements and closures.
Trademark no. The court acknowledged that Mason had invented the jar inKrr he did not apply for a patent for an improved version of the fruit jar until In the Kerrr, several others had patented designs and Mason had known these jars were being produced and sold.
The court ruled that Mason's delay in protecting his patent indicated he had abandoned his invention in the intervening years between and and had forfeited his patent. The court's decision allowed other manufacturers to patent, produce, and sell Kerrr jars Kerr Company Canning canning.
The closure consists of a metal wire arrangement Cajning a lever that applies leverage to a glass lid when pivoted downward against the side of the jar, clamping it down over a separate rubber O ring. While Compajy jars are widely available in Kerrr United States, they are generally marketed there exclusively for dry storage and only Copany used for home canning. Within a short time he sold the patent rights to several individuals, including Henry Putnam and Karl Hutter.
The stopper or lid was typically made from metal, porcelain, or ceramic, while a rubber gasket was used to seal the container. Putnam modified de Quillfeldt's design so that the lid was secured by centering the wire bail between two raised dots or in a groove Cannign the lid's center. Putnam's closure was patented U. PatentDe Quillfeldt used the term Compang to refer to the sealing method, but the closure's popular use on fruit jars led to the name, Lightning fruit jar.
The sealing surface on the jar was a "shelf" that supported the lower edge of the lid. A rubber gasket between the shelf and the bottom surface of the lid formed oCmpany secure seal when the wire closure was tightened. Although Lightning jars were popular for home canning use from the early s to the early s, they were Canming as common as screw-thread Mason jars.
A new type of Mason jar known as a "bead" jar was introduced around to These continuous screw-thread jars were designed with a bead between the screw threads and the shoulder as a sealing surface. It had several variations, including a square-shaped jar. The jar lid had a rubber or rubber-like sealing surface and was held in place by a separate metal band. This type of jar and closure, which first became popular in the late s and Reliable Safe Company, is still in use.
The decline in Mason jar manufacturing in North America is due to several factors: the lack of U. These include: A those using a zinc cap and a rubber jar ring, and B those using a glass lid, wire bail, and rubber sealing ring. These provide "no definitive way to determine if a vacuum seal is formed. This holiday was created by Unboxing the Bizarre. Antique canning jars are often sold through antique stores and auction sites such as eBay.
A jar's age and rarity can be determined by the color, shape, mold and production marks of the glass, and the jar's closure. Mason jars usually have a proprietary brand embossed on the jar. Early jars embossed with "Mason's Patent November 28th " that date from the late s to early s closely match the illustrations of Mason's patents. Mouth-blown or hand-blown jars embossed with a version of "Mason's Patent November 28th " were made about to and often had a ground lip as well.
By semi-automatic machines manufactured the majority of these jars. Machine-made Mason jars that originated Clmpany have a sealing surface on a bead ledge below the threads. This type of jar dominated the market by the mid to late s. Manufacturers continued to make jars with the beaded seal after Cannng mid-twentieth century.
Colored jars were considered better for canning because the color blocked some light from reaching the food, which helps to retain flavor and nutritional value longer. Mason jars with this particular color of glass may be attributed to Ball, since "virtually no other bottle or jar was made in that color. Rarer Compamy are cobalt blue, black, and milk-glass jars. Some unscrupulous dealers will irradiate jars to bring out colors not original to the Cannibg. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Molded glass jar used in home canning to preserve food. Main article: Home canning. Food portal. South Florida Business Journal. Retrieved Jarden Corporation.
Jars for Canning. Society for Historical Archaeology. National Inventors Hall Kerr Company Canning Fame. Ball James T. In Equity" in Samuel Blatchford Auburn, NY: Derby and Miller. General Closure Types". Brantley A Collector's Guide to Ball Jars. In the company manufactured fifty-four percent of all the canning jars made in the United States.
See Frederic OCmpany. Birmingham Ball Corporation: The First Kerr. Alltrista was renamed Jarden Corporation in See "Alltrista Corporation History". Funding Universe. Canner's Corner: Enjoying Summer's Bounty.
The KERR Home Canning booklet was my Mother's and Grandmother's bible to all things canning. Our family copy is tattered and torn, splattered and well-loved; complete with a cover that has freed itself from the rest of the stapled pages. We hope you find the information valuable, helpful, fun and insightful.…
Canning time tables from the classic KERR Home Canning Booklet including processing times when using a both boiling water baths or a pressure cooker for fruits, soups, vegetables, and meats. Also includes notes on canning in altitudes above sea level.…
The Kerr Company. 1300 Erskine Street Takoma Park, MD 20912 Phone: 301.728.8432 Fax: 240.595.6146 P.O. Box 11231 Takoma Park, MD 20913. Note: We are not the Kerr Jar Company. For assistance with Kerr home canning products call 800-240-3340 or visit www.freshpreserving.com.…
Acquisitions for Kerr continued when, in May 1981, the company acquired the Chicago Home Canning and Lid facility of the privately held Naperville, Illinois-based Phoenix Closures Inc., a manufacturer of plastic bottle cap lids, with a history dating back to 1890, for approximately $4.7 million in ……
Kerr is most well known as producers of several kinds of fruit jars used for home canning. (They also produced large quantities of other types of glass containers, especially in later years).…
experience. The Kerr Company brings these elements to bear to solve our clients’ most pressing needs, as we help implement results. Learn more The Kerr Company provides a suite of consulting services (i.e. solutions) The Kerr Company and its consultants have worked on projects for commercial, government (Federal and…
From recipes to canning, to gifting and more, the possibilities are endless and the results are always beautiful. . Can-Do Recipes Find a variety of recipes for salsas, soups, sauces, syrups, and more! ... KERR® and the Kerr logotype are registered trademarks and trademarks in the United States and/or other countries of Rubbermaid Incorporated ...…
Alexander H. Kerr also founded the Hermetic Fruit Jar Company in the same year. San Francisco man Julius Landsberger patented metal lids fastened onto a composition gasket. Kerr used the patents to create a revelation in preserving food. Kerr, in 1915, created a flat metal disc lid to fit onto a Mason jar to use with other canning jars.…
Canning Back Canning 101 Canning Guides How to Make Jam & Jelly Choosing the Right Jars Adjusting for Altitude History of Canning Pectin Calculator ... KERR® and the Kerr logotype are registered trademarks and trademarks in the United States and/or other countries of Rubbermaid Incorporated and/or Bernardin Ltd. United States. Select your region.…