The Company took off in 12 Stirlings as the pathfinder force for the 1st Airborne Division. Navigational Aids were immediately set out and 20 minutes later the first gliders appeared.

The landings were effected without opposition and all the gliders reported that they had no difficulty in seeing the markings of their correct areas. The drop was accurate and Battalions were well together. So far the enemy had made no serious attempt to interfere with the landings. During the course of the afternoon some enemy opposition was encountered, but the D. Z's were kept clear.

The night was quiet, all 21st Independent Parachute Company Company being concentrated round H. Z's for the second lift. Enemy opposition was encountered in all landing areas and Platoons had stiff fighting to drive the enemy back and to hold them whilst the second lift landed, also having to put out ground aids under fire. The difficulties were aggravated by the lift being delayed some three hours.

The enemy were however kept in check and the lift landed with London Tea Company Teapots few casualties. Company H. The move was carried out without opposition in the dark and the new position was established by hrs. The night was uneventful.

A horse and Hix Motor Company was commandeered to move heavy equipment. They had to beat off a heavy enemy attack when the gliders were landing. During the afternoon the enemy started a movement on the Company position and I decided to take up a new position on some high ground International Event Company Beverly Hills the Electric Company Murfreesboro Tn one, which gave us a field of fire of approximately yards and forced the enemy to attack up hill across a road with wire fencing.

The enemy did not make any serious attempt to attack during the night but patrols were active. Our positions were heavily mortared and some casualties were sustained. The enemy were repulsed with Troy Company Instagram loss.

Later in the day he attacked approx. The night was comparatively quiet. During the evening the enemy called on us to surrender. Mortaring was heavy. During the afternoon the K. B's on our right flank were heavily attacked and forced from their position. This was later reestablished. B's which were of great assistance. We could have held on now indefinitely. Orders were received to withdraw to a position in the 4th Para Bde area under whose command we were to be.

S's see map. Apart from mortar fire the enemy appeared to be unaware of our position and no attack developed. Both patrols came under heavy M. Casualties were 1 killed and 2 wounded. It appears that the enemy were well dug into strong points about yards to our front.

This position is very isolated and I objected to occupying it. The Brigadier however insisted as it protected the C. Fired at, at close range, the houses which they occupied were quickly destroyed and their automatic weapons made useless. It was therefore decided to withdraw them back to the main position. This was accomplished, but the Platoon had 15 casualties. One S. The enemy continued to feel forward towards our front during the day and No. They on the other hand took heavy toll of the enemy trying to occupy the C.

Also a motor cycle and side car. The enemy further infiltrated behind No. A number of snipers were killed during the day.

The enemy continued to blast the area with 15cm. They also started to set fire to the houses with Phosphorous mortar-bombs. A heavy attack was launched to the right of our front which was partly successful and some enemy endeavoured to infiltrate into our positions but were destroyed. By this time no rations were available and water was very scarce.

Raids for food and water were made by night, 21st Independent Parachute Company one occasion the enemy were encountered and driven out of a house. It was therefore possible to have two meals of a sort each day and sufficient water was found for one brew of tea. Wine was the only other liquid and a fair supply was discovered. At about hours No. This area had previously been held by some Glider Pilots who had been removed at the request of the Germans so as not to endanger the wounded in the C.

It appeared at one time as if the enemy attack would swing round the back of our position. I therefore moved 1 Pln who were resting to the H. However having gained possession of the C. This considerably helped to consolidate our position which was further strengthened by 8 Glider Pilots with a Bren Gun. The message was to the effect that unless I agreed to vacate a house some 30 yards from the C. In view of the fact that this house was of great importance to my position and if in enemy hands would have made my position extremely insecure, I sent back a message to the effect that I would only agree if the German Commander would withdraw his men from the vicinity of the C.

Further that he would make no further advance in the area of the C. If however he would not agree to this I should remain in the house in question and if his tanks attempted to advance I would blow them up.

To add colour to my threat Pte Dixon No. The P. The remaining tank was moved back and enemy troops in the vicinity of the C. The enemy made an unsuccessful attempt to infiltrate into the right of our position which cost him casualties and an attack on our left was driven off in the afternoon. The Independent Company were to form the rear-guard at the river at hrs.

The Company to be in position ready to move at hrs. At approximately hrs 30 Corps Artillery supporting the Div. This bombardment was at hrs answered by the enemy who put down everything he had into our area, making the forming up of the Company very difficult and hazardous.

It was now raining Noodles And Company Nutrition Calculator and the enemy guns and mortars were a little quieter. Two halts had been made so as to keep the Company closed up, when at approximately hrs whilst proceeding through the wood recently shelled by our artillery the head of the column was halted by a German M. The Commanding Officer and one Officer at the head of the column became casualties and part of the leading section.

Little confusion was caused however and the enemy shooting became wild when '36' Grenades were thrown back at them. After passing through the 43rd Div. R's had been brought safely back across the river. Of these 6 were removed to hospital as their wounds were too severe to stand further travel.

Thus out of 6 Officers and O. R's 5 Officers and O. R's were known to be safe. A further party of six men unwounded were known to have reached the river but unfortunately lost touch and failed to cross. During the operation the Company destroyed 1 Tank MK. IV, 3 S. Guns, 1 Truck of ammunition with driver, 1 Motor Cycle Combination, 28 prisoners were captured and the number killed must have been well over Browning, C.

Headquarters British Airborne Corps B. To have earned this special praise from such a gallant body can only mean one thing - 21st Independent Parachute Company your unit is unsurpassed by any other in the world.

Please tell your chaps what a terrific reputation they have earned. Major B. Wilson, M. Lieut H. Eastwood O. Lieut N. Wilson M. Spivey A. Lieut C. Speller A.

THE UNIT leading-the-way

This platoon, 'the 1st Independent Parachute Platoon', was to see action in Italy, the South of France and Greece, before being reunited with their mother Company. After the return to the UK the 21st Independent Parachute Company was reformed into a unit of 186 men which took part in those nine days of bitter fighting at Oosterbeek in Holland.…

Pathfinder (military) - Wikipedia

The 21st Independent Parachute Company was formed in June 1942 and became part of the 1st Airborne Division, then commanded by Major General Frederick Arthur Montague "Boy" Browning, considered to be the father of the British Army's airborne forces.…

Pathfinder Platoon - Wikipedia

The 22nd Independent Parachute Company were amongst the lead elements of the 6th Airborne division's drop into Normandy as part of Operation Tonga. While the 21st Independent Parachute Company took part in Operation Market Garden landing at Arnhem on the night 17 September 1944.Branch: British Army…

First In: The Airborne Pathfinders: A History of the 21st ...

Jun 05, 2016 · The 21st Independent Parachute Company operated in North Africa, Sicily, Italy, Norway, France, as well as the largest airborne operation ever mounted, Market Garden. In compiling this account of the ‘Pathfinders’, Ron Kent contacted survivors of his company to provide the first comprehensive history of a unit that General Browning told its ...5/5(1)…

First in! The Airborne Pathfinders: A History of the 21st ...

Jun 05, 2016 · These were the men of the 21st Independent Parachute Company, which was part of the Parachute Regiment, and this is their story, told by one of that unique band, then Sergeant, Ron Kent. The 21st Independent Parachute Company operated in North Africa, Sicily, Italy, Norway, France, as well as the largest airborne operation ever mounted, Market ...5/5(1)…

THE BOOK leading-the-way

The appendices include an history of the 1st Independent Platoon (separated from the Company in Italy) a description of specialised Pathfinding equipment and a 'pen portrait' of each individual member of the 21st Independent Parachute Company who fought at Market Garden.…